IBRANCE (palbociclib) Clinical Particulars

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4.1 Therapeutic indications

IBRANCE is indicated for the treatment of hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer:

  • in combination with an aromatase inhibitor;
  • in combination with fulvestrant in women who have received prior endocrine therapy (see section 5.1).

In pre- or perimenopausal women, the endocrine therapy should be combined with a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist.

4.2 Posology and method of administration

Treatment with IBRANCE should be initiated and supervised by a physician experienced in the use of
anticancer medicinal products.

Posology

The recommended dose is 125 mg of palbociclib once daily for 21 consecutive days followed by 7 days off treatment (Schedule 3/1) to comprise a complete cycle of 28 days. The treatment with IBRANCE should be continued as long as the patient is deriving clinical benefit from therapy or until unacceptable toxicity occurs.

When coadministered with palbociclib, the aromatase inhibitor should be administered according to the dose schedule reported in the Summary of Product Characteristics. Treatment of pre/perimenopausal women with the combination of palbociclib plus an aromatase inhibitor should always be combined with an LHRH agonist (see section 4.4).

When coadministered with palbociclib, the recommended dose of fulvestrant is 500 mg administered intramuscularly on Days 1, 15, 29, and once monthly thereafter. Please refer to the Summary of Product Characteristics of fulvestrant. Prior to the start of treatment with the combination of palbociclib plus fulvestrant, and throughout its duration, pre/perimenopausal women should be treated with LHRH agonists according to local clinical practice.

Patients should be encouraged to take their dose at approximately the same time each day. If the patient vomits or misses a dose, an additional dose should not be taken that day. The next prescribed dose should be taken at the usual time.

Dose adjustments
Dose modification of IBRANCE is recommended based on individual safety and tolerability.

Management of some adverse reactions may require temporary dose interruptions/delays, and/or dose reductions, or permanent discontinuation as per dose reduction schedules provided in Tables 1, 2, and 3 (see sections 4.4 and 4.8).

Table 1. IBRANCE recommended dose modifications for adverse reactions
*
If further dose reduction below 75 mg/day is required, discontinue the treatment.
Dose levelDose
Recommended dose125 mg/day
First dose reduction100 mg/day
Second dose reduction75 mg/day*

Complete blood count should be monitored prior to the start of IBRANCE therapy and at the beginning of each cycle, as well as on Day 15 of the first 2 cycles, and as clinically indicated.

For patients who experience a maximum of Grade 1 or 2 neutropenia in the first 6 cycles, complete blood counts for subsequent cycles should be monitored every 3 months, prior to the beginning of a cycle and as clinically indicated.

Absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) of ≥ 1,000/mm3 and platelet counts of ≥ 50,000/mm3 are recommended to receive IBRANCE.

Table 2. IBRANCE dose modification and management – Haematological toxicities

 
Grading according to CTCAE 4.0.
 
ANC=absolute neutrophil counts; CTCAE=Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events; LLN=lower limit of normal.
a
Table applies to all haematological adverse reactions except lymphopenia (unless associated with clinical events, e.g., opportunistic infections).
b
ANC: Grade 1: ANC < LLN – 1,500/mm3; Grade 2: ANC 1,000 - < 1,500/mm3; Grade 3: ANC 500 - < 1,000/mm3; Grade 4: ANC < 500/mm3.
CTCAE gradeDose modifications
Grade 1 or 2No dose adjustment is required.
Grade 3a

Day 1 of cycle:
Withhold IBRANCE, until recovery to Grade ≤ 2, and repeat complete blood count monitoring within 1 week. When recovered to Grade ≤ 2, start the next cycle at the same dose.

Day 15 of first 2 cycles:
If Grade 3 on Day 15, continue IBRANCE at the current dose to complete cycle and repeat complete blood count on Day 22. If Grade 4 on Day 22, see Grade 4 dose modification guidelines below.

Consider dose reduction in cases of prolonged (> 1 week) recovery from Grade 3 neutropenia or recurrent Grade 3 neutropenia on Day 1 of subsequent cycles.

Grade 3 ANC(< 1,000 to 500/mm3)
+ Fever ≥ 38.5 ºC and/or infection
At any time:
Withhold IBRANCE until recovery to Grade ≤ 2
Resume at next lower dose.
Grade 4aAt any time:
Withhold IBRANCE until recovery to Grade ≤ 2.
Resume at next lower dose.

 

Table 3. IBRANCE dose modification and management – Non-haematological toxicities

 

Grading according to CTCAE 4.0.
 
CTCAE=Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events.
CTCAE gradeDose modifications
Grade 1 or 2No dose adjustment is required.
Grade ≥ 3 non-haematological toxicity (if persisting despite medical treatment)

Withhold until symptoms resolve to: 

  • Grade ≤ 1;
  • Grade ≤ 2 (if not considered a safety risk for the patient)

Resume at the next lower dose.

IBRANCE should be permanently discontinued in patients with severe interstitial lung disease (ILD)/pneumonitis (see section 4.4).

Special populations

Elderly
No dose adjustment of IBRANCE is necessary in patients ≥ 65 years of age (see section 5.2).

Hepatic impairment
No dose adjustment of IBRANCE is required for patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh classes A and B). For patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C), the recommended dose of IBRANCE is 75 mg once daily on Schedule 3/1 (see sections 4.4 and 5.2).

Renal impairment
No dose adjustment of IBRANCE is required for patients with mild, moderate or severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance [CrCl] ≥ 15 mL/min). Insufficient data are available in patients requiring haemodialysis to provide any dose adjustment recommendation in this patient population (see sections 4.4 and 5.2).

Paediatric population
The safety and efficacy of IBRANCE in children and adolescents < 18 years of age have not been established. No data are available.

Method of administration

IBRANCE is for oral use. It should be taken with food, preferably a meal to ensure consistent palbociclib exposure (see section 5.2). Palbociclib should not be taken with grapefruit or grapefruit juice (see section 4.5).

IBRANCE capsules should be swallowed whole (should not be chewed, crushed, or opened prior to swallowing). No capsule should be ingested if it is broken, cracked, or otherwise not intact.

4.3 Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients listed in section 6.1.

Use of preparations containing St. John’s Wort (see section 4.5).

4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use

Pre/perimenopausal women

Ovarian ablation or suppression with an LHRH agonist is mandatory when pre/perimenopausal women are administered IBRANCE in combination with an aromatase inhibitor, due to the mechanism of action of aromatase inhibitors. Palbociclib in combination with fulvestrant in pre/perimenopausal women has only been studied in combination with an LHRH agonist.

Critical visceral disease

The efficacy and safety of palbociclib have not been studied in patients with critical visceral disease (see section 5.1).

Haematological disorders

Dose interruption, dose reduction, or delay in starting treatment cycles is recommended for patients who develop Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia. Appropriate monitoring should be performed (see sections 4.2 and 4.8).

Interstitial lung disease/pneumonitis

Severe, life-threatening, or fatal ILD and/or pneumonitis can occur in patients treated with IBRANCE when taken in combination with endocrine therapy.

Across clinical studies (PALOMA-1, PALOMA-2, PALOMA-3), 1.4% of IBRANCE-treated patients had ILD/pneumonitis of any grade, 0.1% had Grade 3, and no Grade 4 or fatal cases were reported. Additional cases of ILD/pneumonitis have been observed in the post-marketing setting, with fatalities reported (see section 4.8).

Patients should be monitored for pulmonary symptoms indicative of ILD/pneumonitis (e.g. hypoxia, cough, dyspnoea). In patients who have new or worsening respiratory symptoms and are suspected to have developed ILD/pneumonitis, IBRANCE should be immediately interrupted and the patient should be evaluated. IBRANCE should be permanently discontinued in patients with severe ILD or pneumonitis (see section 4.2).

Infections

Since IBRANCE has myelosuppressive properties, it may predispose patients to infections.

Infections have been reported at a higher rate in patients treated with IBRANCE in randomised clinical studies compared to patients treated in the respective comparator arm. Grade 3 and Grade 4 infections occurred respectively in 5.6% and 0.9% of patients treated with IBRANCE in any combination (see section 4.8).

Patients should be monitored for signs and symptoms of infection and treated as medically appropriate (see section 4.2).

Physicians should inform patients to promptly report any episodes of fever.

Hepatic impairment

IBRANCE should be administered with caution to patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment, with close monitoring of signs of toxicity (see sections 4.2 and 5.2).

Renal impairment

IBRANCE should be administered with caution to patients with moderate or severe renal impairment, with close monitoring of signs of toxicity (see sections 4.2 and 5.2).

Concomitant treatment with inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4

Strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 may lead to increased toxicity (see section 4.5). Concomitant use of strong CYP3A inhibitors during treatment with palbociclib should be avoided. Coadministration should only be considered after careful evaluation of the potential benefits and risks. If coadministration with a strong CYP3A inhibitor is unavoidable, reduce the IBRANCE dose to 75 mg once daily. When the strong inhibitor is discontinued, the dose of IBRANCE should be increased (after 35 halflives of the inhibitor) to the dose used prior to the initiation of the strong CYP3A inhibitor (see section 4.5).

Coadministration of CYP3A inducers may lead to decreased palbociclib exposure and consequently a risk for lack of efficacy. Therefore, concomitant use of palbociclib with strong CYP3A4 inducers should be avoided. No dose adjustments are required for coadministration of palbociclib with moderate CYP3A inducers (see section 4.5).

Women of childbearing potential or their partners

Women of childbearing potential or their male partners must use a highly effective method of contraception while taking IBRANCE (see section 4.6).

Lactose

This medicinal product contains lactose. Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, total lactase deficiency, or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicinal product.

Sodium

This medicinal product contains less than 1 mmol (23 mg) sodium per capsule, that is to say essentially ‘sodium-free’.

4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

Palbociclib is primarily metabolised by CYP3A and sulphotransferase (SULT) enzyme SULT2A1.

In vivo, palbociclib is a weak, time-dependent inhibitor of CYP3A.

Effects of other medicinal products on the pharmacokinetics of palbociclib

Effect of CYP3A inhibitors
Coadministration of multiple 200 mg doses of itraconazole with a single 125 mg palbociclib dose increased palbociclib total exposure (AUCinf) and the peak concentration (Cmax) by approximately 87% and 34%, respectively, relative to a single 125 mg palbociclib dose given alone.

The concomitant use of strong CYP3A inhibitors including, but not limited to: clarithromycin, indinavir, itraconazole, ketoconazole, lopinavir/ritonavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, posaconazole, saquinavir, telaprevir, telithromycin, voriconazole, and grapefruit or grapefruit juice, should be avoided (see sections 4.2 and 4.4).

No dose adjustments are needed for mild and moderate CYP3A inhibitors.

Effect of CYP3A inducers
Coadministration of multiple 600 mg doses of rifampin with a single 125 mg palbociclib dose decreased palbociclib AUCinf and Cmax by 85% and 70%, respectively, relative to a single 125 mg palbociclib dose given alone.

The concomitant use of strong CYP3A inducers including, but not limited to: carbamazepine, enzalutamide, phenytoin, rifampin, and St. John’s Wort should be avoided (see sections 4.3 and 4.4).

Coadministration of multiple 400 mg daily doses of modafinil, a moderate CYP3A inducer, with a single 125 mg IBRANCE dose decreased palbociclib AUCinf and Cmax by 32% and 11%, respectively, relative to a single 125 mg IBRANCE dose given alone. No dose adjustments are required for moderate CYP3A inducers (see section 4.4).

Effect of acid reducing agents

Under fed conditions (intake of a moderate-fat meal), coadministration of multiple doses of the proton pump inhibitor (PPI) rabeprazole with a single dose of 125 mg IBRANCE decreased palbociclib Cmax by 41%, but had limited impact on AUCinf (13% decrease) compared with a single dose of 125 mg IBRANCE administered alone.

Under fasting conditions, the coadministration of multiple doses of the PPI rabeprazole with a single dose of 125 mg IBRANCE decreased palbociclib AUCinf and Cmax by 62% and 80%, respectively. Therefore, IBRANCE should be taken with food, preferably a meal (see sections 4.2 and 5.2).

Given the reduced effect on gastric pH of H2-receptor antagonists and local antacids compared to PPIs, no clinically relevant effect of H2-receptor antagonists or local antacids on palbociclib exposure is expected when palbociclib is taken with food.

Effects of palbociclib on the pharmacokinetics of other medicinal products

Palbociclib is a weak, time-dependent inhibitor of CYP3A following daily 125 mg dosing at steady state. Coadministration of multiple doses of palbociclib with midazolam increased the midazolam AUCinf and Cmax values by 61% and 37%, respectively, as compared with administration of midazolam alone.

The dose of sensitive CYP3A substrates with a narrow therapeutic index (e.g., alfentanil, cyclosporine, dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, everolimus, fentanyl, pimozide, quinidine, sirolimus, and tacrolimus) may need to be reduced when coadministered with IBRANCE as IBRANCE may increase their exposure.

Drug-drug interaction between palbociclib and letrozole

Data from the drug-drug interaction (DDI) evaluation portion of a clinical study in patients with breast cancer showed that there was no drug interaction between palbociclib and letrozole when the 2 medicinal products were coadministered. 

Effect of tamoxifen on palbociclib exposure

Data from a DDI study in healthy male subjects indicated that palbociclib exposures were comparable when a single dose of palbociclib was coadministered with multiple doses of tamoxifen and when palbociclib was given alone.

Drug-drug interaction between palbociclib and fulvestrant

Data from a clinical study in patients with breast cancer showed that there was no clinically relevant drug interaction between palbociclib and fulvestrant when the two medicinal products were coadministered.

Drug-drug interaction between palbociclib and oral contraceptives

DDI studies of palbociclib with oral contraceptives have not been conducted (see section 4.6).

In vitro studies with transporters

Based on in vitro data, palbociclib is predicted to inhibit intestinal P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) mediated transport. Therefore, administration of palbociclib with medicinal products that are substrates of P-gp (e.g., digoxin, dabigatran, colchicine) or BCRP (e.g., pravastatin, rosuvastatin, sulfasalazine) may increase their therapeutic effect and adverse reactions.

Based on in vitro data, palbociclib may inhibit the uptake transporter organic cationic transporter OCT1 and then may increase the exposure of medical product substrates of this transporter (e.g., metformin).

4.6 Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Women of childbearing potential/Contraception in males and females

Females of childbearing potential who are receiving this medicinal product, or their male partners should use adequate contraceptive methods (e.g., double-barrier contraception) during therapy and for at least 3 weeks or 14 weeks after completing therapy for females and males, respectively (see section 4.5).

Pregnancy

There are no or limited amount of data from the use of palbociclib in pregnant women. Studies in animals have shown reproductive toxicity (see section 5.3). IBRANCE is not recommended during pregnancy and in women of childbearing potential not using contraception.

Breast-feeding

No studies have been conducted in humans or animals to assess the effect of palbociclib on milk production, its presence in breast milk, or its effects on the breast-fed child. It is unknown whether palbociclib is excreted in human milk. Patients receiving palbociclib should not breast-feed.

Fertility

There were no effects on oestrous cycle (female rats) or mating and fertility in rats (male or female) in non-clinical reproductive studies. However, no clinical data have been obtained on fertility in humans. Based on male reproductive organ findings (seminiferous tubule degeneration in testis, epididymal hypospermia, lower sperm motility and density, and decreased prostate secretion) in nonclinical safety studies, male fertility may be compromised by treatment with palbociclib (see section 5.3). Thus, men may consider sperm preservation prior to beginning therapy with IBRANCE.

4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines

IBRANCE has minor influence on the ability to drive and use machines. However, IBRANCE may cause fatigue and patients should exercise caution when driving or using machines.

4.8 Undesirable effects

Summary of the safety profile

The overall safety profile of IBRANCE is based on pooled data from 872 patients who received palbociclib in combination with endocrine therapy (N=527 in combination with letrozole and N=345 in combination with fulvestrant) in randomised clinical studies in HR-positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer.

The most common (≥ 20%) adverse reactions of any grade reported in patients receiving palbociclib in randomised clinical studies were neutropenia, infections, leukopenia, fatigue, nausea, stomatitis, anaemia, diarrhoea, alopecia and thrombocytopenia. The most common (≥ 2%) Grade ≥ 3 adverse reactions of palbociclib were neutropenia, leukopenia, infections, anaemia, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) increased, fatigue, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) increased.

Dose reductions or dose modifications due to any adverse reaction occurred in 38.4% of patients receiving IBRANCE in randomised clinical studies regardless of the combination.

Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction occurred in 5.2% of patients receiving IBRANCE in randomised clinical studies regardless of the combination.

Tabulated list of adverse reactions

Table 4 reports the adverse reactions from the pooled dataset of 3 randomised studies. The median duration of palbociclib treatment across the pooled dataset at the time of the final overall survival (OS) analysis was 14.8 months.

Table 5 reports the laboratory abnormalities observed in pooled datasets from 3 randomised studies.

The adverse reactions are listed by system organ class and frequency category. Frequency categories are defined as: very common (≥ 1/10), common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10), and uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 to < 1/100). Within each frequency grouping, adverse reactions are presented in order of decreasing seriousness.

Table 4. Adverse reactions based on pooled dataset from 3 randomised studies (N=872)
 
ALT=alanine aminotransferase; AST=aspartate aminotransferase; ILD=interstitial lung disease; N/n=number of patients; N/A=not applicable.
*
Adverse drug reaction identified post-marketing.
a
PTs are listed according to MedDRA 17.1.
b
Infections includes all PTs that are part of the System Organ Class Infections and infestations.
c
Neutropenia includes the following PTs: Neutropenia, Neutrophil count decreased.
d
Leukopenia includes the following PTs: Leukopenia, White blood cell count decreased.
e
Anaemia includes the following PTs: Anaemia, Haemoglobin decreased, Haematocrit decreased.
f
Thrombocytopenia includes the following PTs: Thrombocytopenia, Platelet count decreased.
g
Stomatitis includes the following PTs: Aphthous stomatitis, Cheilitis, Glossitis, Glossodynia, Mouth ulceration, Mucosal inflammation, Oral pain, Oropharyngeal discomfort, Oropharyngeal pain, Stomatitis.
h
Rash includes the following PTs: Rash, Rash maculo-papular, Rash pruritic, Rash erythematous, Rash papular, Dermatitis, Dermatitis acneiform, Toxic skin eruption.
i
ILD/pneumonitis includes any reported PTs that are part of the Standardised MedDRA Query Interstitial Lung Disease (narrow).

System organ class
Frequency
Preferred terma (PT)

All Grades
n (%)

Grade 3
n (%)

Grade 4
n (%)

Infections and infestations

Very common
Infectionsb

 

516 (59.2)

 

49 (5.6)

 

8 (0.9)

Blood and lymphatic system disorders
Very common
Neutropeniac 
Leukopeniad 
Anaemia
Thrombocytopeniaf
Common
Febrile neutropenia

716 (82.1)

424 (48.6)

258 (29.6)

194 (22.2)
 

12 (1.4)

500 (57.3)

254 (29.1)

45 (5.2)

16 (1.8)
 

10 (1.1)

97 (11.1)

7 (0.8)

2 (0.2)

4 (0.5)
 

2 (0.2)

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Very common
Decreased appetite

 

152 (17.4)

 

8 (0.9)

 

0 (0.0)

Nervous system disorders

Common
Dysgeusia

 

79 (9.1)

 

0 (0.0)

 

0 (0.0)

Eye disorders

Common
Vision blurred
Lacrimation increased
Dry eye

 

48 (5.5)

59 (6.8)

36 (4.1)

 

1 (0.1)

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

 

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders

Common
Epistaxis
ILD/pneumonitis*,i

 

77 (8.8)

12 (1.4)

 

0 (0.0)

1 (0.1)

 

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

Gastrointestinal disorders

Very common
Stomatitisg
Nausea
Diarrhoea
Vomiting

 

264 (30.3)

314 (36.0)

238 (27.3)

165 (18.9)

 

8 (0.9)

5 (0.6)

9 (1.0)

6 (0.7)

 

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

0 (0.0)

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Very common 
Rashh 
Alopecia
Dry skin

Uncommon 
Cutaneous lupus erythematosus* 

 

158 (18.1)

234 (26.8)

93 (10.7)

 

1 (0.1)

 

7 (0.8)

N/A 0

(0.0)

 

0 (0.0)

 

0 (0.0)

N/A 0

(0.0)

 

0 (0.0)

General disorders and administration site conditions

Very common
Fatigue
Asthenia
Pyrexia

 

362 (41.5)

118 (13.5)

115 (13.2)

 

23 (2.6)

14 (1.6)

1 (0.1)

 

2 (0.2)

1 (0.1)

0 (0.0)

Investigations

Very common
ALT increased
AST Increased

 

92 (10.6)

99 (11.4)

 

18 (2.1)

25 (2.9)

 

1 (0.1)

0 (0.0)

 

Table 5. Laboratory abnormalities observed in pooled dataset from 3 randomised studies (N=872)

 
WBC=white blood cells; AST=aspartate aminotransferase; ALT=alanine aminotransferase; N=number of patients; N/A=not applicable.
 
Note: Laboratory results are graded according to the NCI CTCAE version 4.0 severity grade.
*
letrozole or fulvestrant
 

IBRANCE plus letrozole or fulvestrant

Comparator arms*

Laboratory abnormalities

All grades

%

Grade 3

%

Grade 4

%

All grades

%

Grade 3

%

Grade 4

%

WBC decreased

97.4

41.8

1.0

26.2

0.2

0.2

Neutrophils decreased

95.6

57.5

11.7

17.0

0.9

0.6

Anaemia

80.1

5.6

N/A

42.1

2.3

N/A

Platelets decreased

65.2

1.8

0.5

13.2

0.2

0.0

AST increased

55.5

3.9

0.0

43.3

2.1

0.0

ALT increased

46.1

2.5

0.1

33.2

0.4

0.0


Description of selected adverse reactions

Overall, neutropenia of any grade was reported in 716 (82.1%) patients receiving IBRANCE regardless of the combination, with Grade 3 neutropenia being reported in 500 (57.3%) patients, and Grade 4 neutropenia being reported in 97 (11.1 %) patients (see Table 4).

The median time to first episode of any grade neutropenia was 15 days (12-700 days) and the median duration of Grade ≥ 3 neutropenia was 7 days across 3 randomised clinical studies.

Febrile neutropenia has been reported in 0.9% of patients receiving IBRANCE in combination with fulvestrant and in 1.7% of patients receiving palbociclib in combination with letrozole.

Febrile neutropenia has been reported in about 2% of patients exposed to IBRANCE across the overall clinical programme.

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the national reporting system listed in Appendix V.

4.9 Overdose

In the event of a palbociclib overdose, both gastrointestinal (e.g., nausea, vomiting) and haematological (e.g., neutropenia) toxicity may occur and general supportive care should be provided.